Wangjing SOHO Towers - ZHA
Location_Beijing, China 2009 - 2014
Category_Commercial, Urban Park
Program_Office and Retail Complex
Client_Soho China Ltd.
Size_400,000 sqm (4,000,000 sqft)
Design_Zaha Hadid & Patrik Schumacher
Associates_Armando Solano, Cristiano Ceccato, Satoshi Ohashi
CR_© Zaha Hadid Architects
The site for Wangjing SOHO commercial development is located in the Chaoyang District of north-east Beijing, near the Airport Expressway and between the Fourth and Fifth Ring Roads. The area contains the offices of many Chinese technology startup companies as well as international companies such as Microsoft, Daimler, Caterpillar, Panasonic, Nortel and Siemens. It is located on the way to the Beijing Capital Airport and near various metro stations, and is home to a vibrant mix of local and international residents and visitors.
The building program consists of three towers 108, 115 and 183 meters in height with 24, 25 and 45 floors respectively. Two-story pavilions are located at the drop off areas and guide visitors into the site. The buildings contain office and retail above grade, retail below grade in the B1 basement level, and parking and mechanical in the B2, B3 and B4 basements. The total above-grade GFA is 392,265 square meters and the total below-grade GFA is 172,587 square meters. Parking is planned for 1858 automobiles and 8256 bicycles.
The tower geometries are three double curved masses, which are a negotiation of design intent, client requirements and structural optimization. The section of the towers results in a inverted catenary curve, which gives the buildings a dynamic aesthetic and an optimal distribution of forces through the branching column networks. The project has custom tools to automate all the building systems by using the driver surfaces, structural grids and finish floor levels as inputs. A random set of points are used to generate the expanding and contracting ruled-developable cladding geometry based on aluminum material tolerances and mapped forces from the tower masses